LET’S ENHANCE AGRICULTURE
We believe that agriculture can be a valuable driver for a big change, supporting other businesses: it can produce new value for tourism and increase interest in developing a new green economy. All the farms investing in the agriculture are helping the sorrounding landscape to stay green and safe from any state of abandon. We want to highlight the richness of our land: the Sicilian crop varieties that produce a high quality extra virgin olive oil born between the mountains and the sea of Siracusa.
Sicily is one of the Mediterranean region where we find the largest amount of olives’ variety. The major researches on olives growing, made between among the ’50s and the ’60s, spoke of more that 60 crop varieties, as well as a long list of different names. Recent researches by the University of Palermo and the Regional Dept of Agricutural, through bio-morphological and genetic analysis, have led to the identification of 25 cultivars, belonging to the main genotypes of Sicily.
Among these cultivars, some are widespread throughout the region, others have, instead, a limited presence in particular geographical areas, such as Tonda Iblea. The Sicilian varietal heritage is dominated by the presence of eight major cultivars (Biancolilla, Cerasuola, Moresca, Nocellara del Belice, Nocellara Etnea, Oglialora Messina, Santagatese, Tonda Iblea), which, all together, account for 80% of all cultivated olive trees of the entire Sicily.
Sicilian extra virgin olive oil is a premium produce thanks to the wide range of cultivars and the diversity of environments, which influences its organoleptic characteristics. The main scents when you taste Sicilian olive oil include almond, green tomato, artichokes, that can differ depending on the cultivar and the harvesting area. In the area of Iblei Mountains, which we belong to, we grow some of those major cultivars: Nocellara Etnea, Moresca, Tonda Iblea.